Learning Activity – Studio Lighting

03. February 2017 Uncategorised 0
Learning Activity – Studio Lighting

Question 1

(30 min)                                                             

Written assignment
  1. Name three lighting sources and their functions.
  2. Name two light modifiers and explain the difference between them.
  3. Draw a diagram of and describe the three-point lighting setup.

Question 2

(2 hours)                                                                     

Research assignment
  1. Draw three studio setups for the following subject matters and list all the equipment that you would use to light your subjects:
    • Portrait
    • Fashion
    • Beauty
  2. In a magazine or on the Internet, find one fashion shot, a beauty shot and a portrait shot and explain how you think the lighting was set up in each shot.

Question 3

(2 hours)                                                                     

Practical assignment 
Take some portrait shots and pay specific attention to the lighting you use. I would like to see a shot with soft lighting and one with more dramatic, harder lighting. It would be beneficial to hire studio lighting, but if you can’t, you may use natural light, reflectors and your camera’s flash.


Question 1:

  1. Name three lighting sources and their functions.

Natural light /sunlight

There are different ways you can use natural light in photography. There are different natural lights, such as:
Working with direct sunlight can be challenging, because the lighting changes, depending if there is any clouds passing by, it can be kind of unpredictable. Direct sunlight casts a lot of shadows, but gives a warm and higher contrast. Sunsets or sunrise, gives a golden light, which makes the photo warm, and the contrast is kind of in medium strength, and is popular amongst photographers to shoot in, since it gives it objects a warm glow. I myself prefer shooting in cloudy weather, since it doesn’t cast any shadows, it is more predictable, the light gets cooler, and more details comes forward in the images. 

Flash light

Flash light is often used in dark rooms, where you have less light. By pointing your flash on the camera, if you have an external one that you mount on top of your camera, the best thing to do is to point the flash upwards to the ceiling, or against the wall to get a natural look on your images. You can use the flash in direct sunlight to avoid shadows and missing information. Flash light gives an artificial light, but is very useful when you need more lighting in your photos. 

Soft box

Soft boxes are often used in photograpy and in photostudios. Soft boxes are used to fill in light, and it gives a warm, soft light to your photos. You can use soft boxes in almost every shoot you do, like portraits, food, product photography and so on.


  1. Name two light modifiers and explain the difference between them.


An umbrella makes soft light and is good to use if you want to light a large area. You have different umbrellas, gold, and silver, white. The functions of using different colored umbrellas are to give the photo a different look. Gold gives the object a warmer look, and of course, the silver one gives the object a cooler look. Umbrellas are often used in events; they are very good to use when you want too light groups people, and to have the same amount of light and the same light on them all. The umbrella bounces of the light in different directions, this gives the object a softer look, and with less shadows, or with no shadows at all. 

Soft box:

Soft boxes diffuse the light, and make it soft and even. The light coming from the strobe or the speed light is bounced around the fabric in the soft box, and is spread in all directions inside the box. The light in the soft box are spread even, from top to bottom of the box. A soft box comes in several of shapes and sizes. A soft box is a light modifier.


  1. Draw a diagram of and describe the three-point lighting setup.










Question 2:



By using a backlight and softbox, it gives a softer look and smooth shadows agains a white or black backdrop.



Here I have put the soft box in directly in front of the model, with the use of a reflector to get rid of any shadows, and to even out the light. This is important when you want to showcas make up for example.l



Here I have used a big soft box on the side of the model to create dramatic lighting and shadows. You will find in fashion photos that they experiment a lot with the use of lighting.


Question 2, number 2:


In this shot they have use 2 strong backlights to get the “halo” effect, you can see that in her glowing hair and the cheeks. They have also used a front light somewhat above and to the side of the model.



Here they have used two light sources, one are directly on the backdrop, and the other one is on her right side, to create contrast and dramatic light, you can sees that because of her dark shadows in her face. It looks like they are using a reflector on her left side, to create the small amount of lighting on her face and body.



Here I think they have used a soft box or soft boxes straight in front and a little above her head.






Question 3:

Here is my result of using soft light. Wanted to make a soft picture with some mystique around it. The model in the picture is my fellow student Marius Hauglie. 


Here is my result with hard light, the model is well lit, and the colors pop.